Kozo K-27 Rods
Before I get too far with
the rods, I
need to quarter all of the drivers. This is the start of a jig to
perform the quartering. I didn't get too far on this today as the metal
shop took forever cutting of a length of stock for the rods. December
A V-notched plate will be
each end of the jig to set the 90 degree angle. A clamp will be added
to the center plate to strap the axle into position. December 31, 2020.
The V notched end plates have been added which will allow the cranks to
be set 90 degrees apart from one another. A pin will be slipped into
the left crank and be clamped down to the block at the front left side
of the jig. A pin can then be slipped into the right crank and brought
up against the V block to set at 90 degrees. The cranks are initially
locked into position with Loctite retaining compound. Once dry a pin
hole will be drilled through the back flange of the crank and through
the axle to insert a locking pin. January 1, 2021.
The jig has been
completed with the
two brass straps to hold the driver set into position. The left crank
has already been pinned and is strapped to the jig to keep it up
against the stop. Retaining compound has been spread on the right end
of the axle and the crank has been adjusted so that the pin through it
is advanced to the 90 degree stop. The assembly will be left in the jig
while the retaining compound sets and then a 1/8" pin hole will be
drilled through the crank flange and axle to pin it in place. The
remaining three driver sets will receive the same treatment. January 3,
This is about as far as I
able to get on the main rods since I am waiting on a special bit for
fluting them that must be on a slow boat from China. These things are
pretty hefty with a width of just over 3/4" x 10 1/4" long and 5/16"
thick. They will have bushings added at both pin locations. January 9,
Work is progressing on
intermediate side rods that will run between drivers 2 and 3. These are
about 5 1/4" long and 1" wide at the main crank hole. The lower piece
has been heavily machined as compared to the blank at the top. A slot
will be cut in the small end for the knuckle joint and then there will
to be some radius cuts to finish up both ends. January 10, 2021.
The second intermediate
side rod has
been machined and a slit cut in the knuckle joint of each rod. This is
the stopping point until all of the rods have been completely drilled
to match the crank pin spacing. Each rod will then finish shaped with
various radius cuts to match the prototype (they still look a bit
blocky). January 18, 2021.
The special corner radius key cutter
bit finally arrived so I worked on the fluting of the main rods. This
requires three different cuts with one straight between the centers of
the two holes. The second and third cuts require that the large hole
end be dropped down in the vise to angle them away from the center. The
small hole end is left at the same height for all of the cuts by
pivoting around a rod through the hole. The backsides of the rods will
require the same cuts to make them symmetrical. January 24, 2021.
With the fluting work completed
attention now turns to shaping the rod. This one has been tapered from
the big end down to the small end. Next the small end will get a radius
that will taper down to meet with the narrower fluted portion. January
Both of the main rods have been
tapered from the big end down to the small end. The thickness of the I
beam portion of the lower rod has been reduced to the final size. The
upper rod will need to be thinned and then both rods will be rounded at
the small end. February 7, 2021.
One of the main rods has been finished
to the final shape. This required a number of cuts on the small end for
the radius on the end, the taper and the fillets at the transition from
the small part of the rod to the end block. The other rod will receive
the same treatment and then there will be some appearance bolts and an
oil cup added to the big end. May 16, 2021.
Both of the main rods have now been
machined to the final shape. Oil cups have also been machined and added
to the big end of the rods. There is still bolt and nut detail to add
to the big end and bushings at each end. May 23, 2021.
The front side-rods are a work in
progress with each starting from a 3/8" x 1" x 6" piece of steel. Each
end is offset from one another so there is a heavy side cut started on
the upper rod. The bottom rod still needs quite a bit of machining. May
The front side-rods are mirror images
of one another so this view provides a look at both sides. This is
about as far as the machining can go until all of the rods are fitted
on the engine with final holes drilled for the crank pin of driver 1
and the hole in the tab for the intermediate side-rod. May 31, 2021.
This the start of the rear side-rods that will have a knuckle joint at
one end and a bushing for the driver 4 cranks. The top one will require
some milling on each side for the offset and then the grove for the
knuckle joint. June 5, 2021.
This shot provides a view of how the rod set will connect once
completed. Final drilling for the joints and the front driver crank pin
will be completed with a set of drilling jigs. Once fitted to the
engine the final profile of each of the rods will be completed. June 5,
The sides have now been profiled on the rear side-rods. Next will be the cutting of a slot for the knuckle joint. June 12, 2021.
The slots for the knuckle joint can be seen in this top view of the rear side-rods. June 13, 2021.
Next up are the drilling jigs for the
side rods. The holes are spaced at the designed spacing of the drive
axles. There will be plugs added at each hole with one visible above.
The outer diameter of the plug will fit into the driving box with
smaller diameter being the size of the main hole in each of the side
rods. The part of the plug that extends into the jig is a slight
eccentric that will be used to adjust the two plugs so that they fit
into two adjacent driver boxes. Once the eccentric is rotated to where
the plugs fit into the driving boxes the location will be fixed and
provide the exact spacing for drilling the knuckle joints in two
connecting side rods. June 19, 2021.
These are the three jigs that will be
used to accurately drill the side rods. Three of the plugs are the same
and have an eccentric so that the plugs can be aligned with the driver
box holes. The opposite plug on each jig is sized according to the rod
that is being drilled. The top jig "A" is used to drill the knuckle
joint between the rear side-rod and the intermediate side-rod. Jig B
will be used for the knuckle joint between the intermediate and front
side-rod. Jig C is used to drill the driver 1 crank pin hole in the
front side-rod. June 26, 2021.
This is an example of a rear side-rod
and intermediate side-rod set up on the jig. The hole in the knuckle
joint can be completed with this jig. A bolt and washer will be used in
each of the plugs to hold the rods in place for drilling. June 26, 2021.
After a long break for summer trips it
is back to the side rods. The drilling jig for the rear and
intermediate side rods has been adjusted for the axle spacing of
drivers 3 and 4. With the spacing set the rods are mounted for drilling
and reaming of the knuckle joint on the the milling machine. September
Now that all of the side rods have
been drilled on the jigs it is time to start working on the final
shape. This is the pair of front side rods with all of the various arcs
cut. These will still need to be cleaned up and the lubrication holes
drilled in the tops once the bushings have been installed. September
The arcs at each end of the rear side
rods have been cut. There still need to be a transition arc cut from
the center of the rods to each end. After that some cleanup and
bushings for the large end. September 12, 2021.
The front and rear side rods have been
cut to their final shape. They still need oil holes drilled, final
clean up and bushings added. September 18, 2021.
Final shaping of the intermediate side
rods is progressing. Just some final shaping, oil hole drilling, final
cleanup and bushings remaining. September 19, 2021.
These are the two sets off rods after a bit of cleanup. Next will be the machining of the bushings. September 25, 2021.
The bushings for the large end of the main rods have been machined from phosphor bronze stock. September 25, 2021.
All of the bushings for the main rods
are seen in place in this shot. Now it is on to bushings for the side
rods. October 24, 2021.
The completed crank rod bushing set
for the side rods. Driver 4 is on the far left being the same size of
the the driver 1 bushings on the right. The largest bushing are at
driver 3 for the main crank pin and driver 2 has slightly deeper
bushing than 1 or 4. November 14, 2021.
The four bushings and pins for the
knuckle joints have been machined allowing the side rods to be pinned
together. The two retaining pins for the number two cranks have also
been completed. Four more retaining pins for crank number one and four
will need to be machined out of stainless steel to complete the side
rod retaining pins. November 29, 2021.
The six side rod retaining pins have
been completed. These will be used on six of the crank pins and are
held in by an E-clip on the backside. One of them is shown inserted
into a crank pin and the side rod will be sandwiched between the
retaining pin and the shoulder on the crank pin. December 4, 2021.
The main rods are now complete with
the bushing mounted and the non-functional adjustment bolts added. Next
up will be the drilling of all of the oiling holes in the side rods
after fixing the bushings in place. December 19, 2021.
All of the oiling holes have been drilled on the rods and they have been assembled on the locomotive. December 27, 2021.
Another view of the rods on the assembly. December 27, 2021.